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Table 1 Summary of descriptive data by age group and gender

From: Sleep hygiene awareness: its relation to sleep quality and diurnal preference

  Young Adult Middle-aged Total
Age 21.9 (SD = 1.8) 32.9 (SD = 5.7) 54.24 (SD = 5.6) 29.2 (SD = 10.9)
Gender     
   Women 80.0% (N = 288) 66.8% (N = 147) 62.5% (N = 45) 73.6% (N = 480)
   Men 20.0% (N = 72) 33.2% (N = 73) 37.5% (N = 27) 26.4% (N = 172)
Sleep beliefs scale 8.6* (4.5) 9.7 (4.5) 10.1 (3.6) 9.2 (4.5)
   Women 9.3 (4.4) 10.4 (4.4) 10.5 (3.0) 9.7 (4.3)
   Men 6.3 (4.3) 8.4 (4.5) 9.4 (4.4) 7.7* (4.5)
Sleep condition indicator 11.6 (7.1) 12.8 (7.8) 11.6 (8.4) 12.0 (7.5)
   Women 12.3 (7.1) 13.1 (8.3) 12.4 (8.7) 12.5 (7.6)
   Men 8.8 (6.1) 12.3 (6.9) 10.1 (7.8) 10.4 (6.9)
Composite scale of morningness 32.7* (6.6) 36.3 (7.4) 40.9 (6.3) 34.8 (7.4)
   Women 32.5 (6.8) 36.5 (7.1) 41.0 (7.2) 34.5 (7.4)
   Men 33.5 (5.9) 36.1 (8.1) 40.9 (4.5) 35.7 (7.2)
  1. Significant differences are starred.