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Table 3 Factors associated with Mental distress of caregiver’s of people with severe mental illness in Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, 2013 (n = 390)

From: Prevalence of mental distress and associated factors among caregivers of patients with severe mental illness in the outpatient unit of Amanuel Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2013: Cross-sectional study

Socio demographic Variables Mental distress of care givers
yes no crude OR (95 % CI) adjusted OR (95 % CI
Gender/sex     
Male 70 106 1 1
Female 151 63 3.629(2.382,5.531)* 3.170(1.843,5.454)*
Marital status     
Married 105 103 1 1
Single/never married 41 32 1.257(0.735,2.149) 1.768(0.809,3.861)
Divorce/separated 40 18 2.180(1.174,4.049)* 0.992(0.446,2.208)
Widowed 35 16 2.146(1.119,4.114)* 0.662(0.286,1.533)
Educational status     
Not educated 95 47 2.074(1.176,3.658)* 1.083(0.464,2.529)
≤grade 12 88 83 1.088(0.635,1.864) 1.009(0.484,2.103)
>grade 12 38 39 1 1
Cont Occupation     
Employed 73 64 1 1
Own business 23 33 0.611(0.326,1.147) 0.613(0.289,1.300)
Farmer 52 31 1.471(0.842,2.567) 2.245(1.129,4.463)*
House wife 33 17 1.702(0.867,3.341) 1.006(0.436,2.231)
jobless 40 24 1.461(0.796,2.682) 1.695(0.796,3.608)
Relation with the patient 24 20 2.031(0.820,5.029) 1.461(0.476,4.478)
Spouse 114 59 3.270(1.538,6.952)* 1.925(0.762,4.868)
Parent 70 68 1.742(0.813,3.735) 1.515(0.603,3.806)
Immediate family relative 13 22 1 1
Non-immediate family relative     
Diagnosis of the patient 188 123 2.131(1.29,3.518)* 2.007 (1.109, 3.634)*
Psychosis 33 46 1  
Bipolar disorder     1
Number of admission     
No admission 99 110 1 1
One time admission 58 37 1.742(1.063, 2.854)* 2.425(1.319, 4.459)*
≥ Two times admission 64 22 3.248(1.636, 6.448)* 3.293(1.474, 7.356)*
Duration of care giving in year     
0–5 years 129 114 1 1
6–10 years 50 33 1.339(0.807, 2.222) 0.942(0.499, 1.779)
≥11 years 42 22 1.687(0.950, 2.995) 1.271(0.600, 2.693)
Social support of caregiver     
Have no social support 15 78 11.711(6.427,21.560)* 9.523(5.002,18.132)*
Have social support 206 91 1 1
Use of Chat in your life 22 28 0.557(0.306,1.013) 1.109(0.506,2.432)
Yes 199 141 1 1
No     
  1. * refers association p value <0.05